The Great Bear Rainforest is a benign rainforest that is located on the coast side of the pacific of British Columbia in Canada, consisting of nearly about 6.5 million hectares. It is a part of a huge ecoregion part of the Pacific temperate rainforest, which is the largest coastal temperate rainforest in the world.
In February 2016, the Great Bear Rainforest was initially recognized by the Government of British Columbia when the government announced an agreement based on permanently protecting about 85% of the old-growing forested area from the hands of industrial logging. The forest was subjected to the Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy in the month of September of the same year.
1. Great Bear Rainforest Agreement
On 1st February 2016, Premier Christy Clark of the forest industry representatives announced an agreement that has reached between the territory of British Columbia, the forestry industry, environmentalists, and the First Nations to protect about 85% of the 6.7 million hectares of Great Bear Rainforest from the hands of the industrial logging.
The remaining 15% will be subjected to logging of stringent conditions. The agreement gives importance to aboriginal rights, which is shared decision-making that also provides a larger economic share of the entire timber rights, and about $ 15 million is funded to 26 First Nations in that area.
On March 1, 2016, the Great Bear Rainforest Act of Forest Management was initially introduced by the government system. In September, the Duke of Cambridge, Duchess of Cambridge Prince William, and Catherine visited and disclosed a plaque to acknowledge the forest for its admission into the Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy.
2. Things to Know About Great Bear Rainforest
The Great Bear Rainforest is partially set on British Columbia’s north and central north coasts, covering almost 6.4 million hectares. The Rain Forest offers many things to see, from flora to fauna, with healthy environmental groups. The place is a million acres of land.
If you have travel interests, you should try the Great Bear Rainforest because it includes old-growth forests, and you will find the central coast that settles many different communities of indigenous peoples. The Great Bear Rainforest is a non-profit organization established from the government’s final agreement.
The place has well-protected wildlife, such as different kinds of bears and many sea animals. If you are keen to know more about the rainforest, you are on the right page as this post is perfect for you. As mentioned below are some of the things to know about Great Bear Rainforests
2.1. White Fur Spirit Bear
The kermode, also known as the spirit bear, is a genetic variant of black bears found nowhere else on Earth but in the Great Bear Rainforest. Some areas in the Great Bear Rainforest include the highest number of known species of the spirit bear, such as Grizzly bears. The different species of spirit bears are estimated to range from about 50-300.
The reason is still unknown why many recessive genes have allowed the bear to continue to evolve with white fur. Some people there believe it is due to the continuous advantage of fishing without alarming the salmon of a dark shadow. In Kitasoo First Nation legend, the only species that turned white fur in every 10 bears white was a Raven, in honour of the ancient glacial period when everything was fully covered with ice.
2.2. Underwater Forest
What do you think of the Great Bear Rainforest when it first comes to your mind? You probably think of its nice-satiated trees, including a lush forest covered with different types of bears. Well, the place consists of pretty much all of these. However, it is not only about its terrestrial forest.
The Great Bear Rainforest Sea is home to many of the world’s largest kelp forests. Bull kelp is a kind of aquatic plant. Some of them are perennial, which can grow up to about 120 feet tall and can grow up to 3 feet in one day. This makes it one of the largest, fastest-growing plants in the sea and on land. The kelp forests share a safe place for all types of marine creatures, from sea otters to rockfish, including everything between them.
The seawater forests construct a buffer zone from waves and ocean swells to protect the areas of intertidal and shorelines. First Nations used to own this area between the area of kelp beds and the shore area as a primary paddle zone. The underwater forest of the Great Bear Rainforest consists of whale watching of humpback whales, sea lions, and many more. The bear rainforest hides the global treasure of underwater forests in a million acres range.
2.3. Rich Diversity
Speaking about flora, The Great Bear rainforest consists of many old forests such as Western Red cedar and giant Sitka spruce that have frequently been growing for over 1000 years old. The Great Bear Rainforest supports more organic than any other ecosystem in the world, including Vancouver Island, Tweedsmuir provincial park, and many more. The different species of great bear rainforest communities range from the world’s largest species to microorganisms.
2.4. Natural Habitat
The connection between the land and the underwater species is intertwined and enmeshed, and they rely on each other for their survival. Due to this immense cooperation, underwater life and terrestrial life thrive. The bar rainforest supports the entire food web of survival of life to supply as much of nutrients at all levels.
Phytoplankton and zooplankton are microscopic organisms that are the major nutrients to smaller fish such as krill, and herring, which then contribute about 40%-50% or even more of the dissolved oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere. The Great Bear Sea subtidal zone is home to many different creatures, such as crabs, abalone, anemones, chitin, urchin, and many more.
Land animals range from rodents, and mink to wolves, mountain goats, deer, bears, and other rare wolverines. The junctions where the land meets the ocean are some of the most natural habitat regions of the bear rainforest.
2.5. Forest for Salmons
The main contributors to the rainforest are the forests rich with nutrients, with their vibrant and dense understory that the animals eat, and salmon- big and small. Each year Pacific salmon is made up of 5 different species: chinook (king/spring), coho, sockeye, chum, Kermode bear, black bear, grizzly bears, spirit bears, and pink. They flood the streams of the Rainforest to spawn and attract many kinds of predatory species to the estuaries and inlets, including seals, whales, porpoises, sea lions, dolphins, sea otters, bears – grizzlies, spirit bears, black bears, bald eagles, and blue herons.
The eagles and bears play a very important role in ensuring the different nutrients consumed by the salmon that are dispersed along the forest. When salmon are caught, they are brought back into the woods to be able to feed them, and the remaining food starts decaying back into the soil of the earth, providing extra essential nutrients for the trees to turn into the unique coastal giants that we are eventually seeing today.
2.6. Home To Many Nations Communities
The history of the First Nations BC Coastal dates back more than 10,000 years ago. They have survived years after years on the abundance of this land and protecting the area both culturally and naturally, which is its utmost importance.
Residential schools mandated excellent bear rainforest education by the British Columbia Government of Canada’s Department allying the Indian Affairs during the 19th century, leaving many cultural traditions and ancestral languages. Art of the First Coastal Nations, from the totem pole and carving of masks to weaving baskets and clothing of cedar bark, is highly regarded worldwide.
The Bear Rainforest has its own traditional ceremonies known as potlatches that take place along the central and north coasts in the Big Houses. Some ceremonies last for days, including traditional dances with masks and paddles made by the Nuxalk Nation, storytelling, feasts, and gift-giving through the Broughton archipelago.
The Coastal First Nations consists of people of the land, sky, and sea and are the strongest believers in protecting their area generation after generation. The fastest-growing industry in the Great Bear Rainforest is Ecotourism which contributes to a sustainable economy. By flaunting this area before the world, native people or the nation’s people will naturally want to protect their area from habitat decimation.
2.8. Home for Whales
When you hear rainforest, the first thing that may come to your mind is probably not only the whales but also the abundance of whales located in the Great Bear Sea, which covers the rainforest. It was once believed that the extinct nation from the area was due to hunting, but the humpback whale and the other whales are making a massive comeback. The Johnstone Strait is one of the best places in the world if you love whale watching.
The Great Bear Rainforest is an unspoiled temperate rainforest constituting a huge national geographic area and economic development. The bear rainforest is associated with Destination BC to present bear entertainment. Awareness, trust, and educational system in this rainforest located on the central coast.
It also includes the prince Rupert restaurant and Bella Coola restaurant. The forest provides hilly hiking and hunting lodge that ensures the privacy act, protection, and with experience providers for any help to the visitors. The Royal Highnesses of Cambridge officially endorsed the rainforest under the Commonwealth Canopy with the help of the Great Bear Rainforest agreement.
You will find many temperate rainforests In Canada, but the Great Bear Rainforest is an ecological integrity forest today’s date. The best month to visit this forest is on late August. So Canadians, what are you waiting for? Visit The Great Bear Rainforest with your friends and family to enjoy the spectacular nature.