Under the flag of Canada, British Columbia is a place imbued with natural sites to behold. With the Pacific Ocean on the one hand and rugged mountain ranges on the other, BC is home to beautiful landscapes, including beaches, lakes, coastlines, forests, plains, and deserts. In the present article, some tallest mountain in BC is discussed.
Did you know about BC
- 14% of the province comprises parks, conservation areas, ecological reserves, and recreation areas.
- British Columbia’s 75% province is covered only by mountains.
- BC is home to 5 people per square kilometer.
- It is larger than France and Germany combined.
Mount Fairweather – The Tallest Mountain in BC
British Columbia is most popularly known for the breathtaking views that its mountain ranges provide. Mount Robson, Waddington Range, Grouse Mountain Stawasz Chief, Mount Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Mount Fairweather, Mount Clemenceau, Mount Seymour, and Rainbow Mountain are some of the famous mountains in BC.
Lying in the heart of Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve in British Columbia and Borough of Yakutat in Alaska, Mount Fairweather being the tallest mountain in BC, stands proudly at an elevation of 4671 meters (15,325 ft).
Mount Fairweather gained this great height because of its rise from Glacier Bay, where it is stationed in the Fairweather Range in Saint Elias Mountain. It borders Alaska (US) and British Columbia (Canada) and thus has been titled a border peak. A credit of the discovery of this mountain is attributed to Bering and Chirikoff.
Name of the peak
In 1778, Captain Brenner James Cook was near the region. At the time, he encountered very pleasant weather and so named it Mount Fairweather. The peak’s name contradicts its true nature. Captain James Cook was offshore in a rarity of good weather.
The weather conditions are bitter. Though it is the highest peak in British Columbia, providing a great adventure opportunity, it is not one of the favorite options for mountaineers because of its poor weather conditions. It is also regarded as the worst named mountain on Earth.
Ranks that this tallest mountain in BC holds
Besides being the tallest mountain in BC, Mount Fairweather holds many ranks in the lists concerning mountain ranges with various parameters in North America, Alaska, British Columbia, and the whole world. British Columbia Regional District High Points ranks this peak as number one.
It has been ranked in various other lists like the Ultras of British Columbia and Alberta, the British Columbian 11,000-foot Peaks, The USA Second Lap List, British Columbia Peaks with over 1500 meters of Prominence, and Southeast Alaska Peaks with 2000 feet of Prominence.
As it lies 12 miles east of the Pacific Coast, it is also the tallest mountain in BC in the Coastal mountains. It also stands 3rd in the US National Park High Points. In 5000-foot Prominence, CoHPs, USA Peaks with 6000 feet of Prominence, Fifty Highest CoHPs, Top 10 Prominence Grid for the United States, Top ten County High Points Grid for the United States, 5000-foot gain CoHPs, CoHPs High Five List, 100 Highest CoHPs, Mount Fairweather ranks 4th. There are many more titles designated to its name.
First Ascent to the summit
Allen Carpe and Terry Moore made the credit first successful ascent of the tallest mountain in BC in 1931. Various attempts were made before but to no avail. In 1926, Allen Carpe, Andy Taylor, and WS Ladd attempted to climb the mountain, but they had to return after reaching 2890 m (9840 ft) because of the terrible mountainous terrain they encountered.
But their hunger for adventure did not let them hold for long, and they started again in 1931, but this time with a new partner called Terry Moore. Furthermore, they faced many difficulties, and Andy Taylor and WS Ladd had to return with the hope that their fellows would finish what they all started. And the rest is history. Allen Carpe and Terry Moore listed themselves as the first summiteers of the highest of mountains in British Columbia which is famous for its bitter and non-cooperating nature.
Mount Robson- The Highest Mountain in the Canadian Rockies
Considering Mountain Rockies, Mount Robson is the tallest mountain in BC. It is also the highest point in the whole of Canada as such. It lies within Mount Robson Provincial Park. After Mount Fairweather, Mount Robson is the second tallest mountain in British Columbia. It reaches 3954 feet (12972 meters) high in the air. The peak is also a part of the Rainbow Range. Around 180 species of birds and 33 kinds of mammals can be spotted here.
Even it has been named under UNESCO World Heritage site for its snowcapped peaks, the adventurous opportunities, and the impressive history it flaunts.
Interesting Facts about Mount Robson, the tallest mountain in Canadian rocks
- British Columbia’s oldest park is Mount Robson Provincial Park, in the center of which this mountain lies. This park is also home to the origin of the Fraser River, which is the largest producer of salmon in the world.
- Because of this mountain’s diversity, it is said that one experiences all four seasons in a single day going up along its height. The waterfalls, meadows, and forests are home to various flora and fauna.
- There are various ways to summit the peak, like South face, Kain face, Wishbone Arete, Emperor Ridge, Emperor Face, North Face, and Fuhrer Ridge. The peak’s first ascent was made by a guide Conrad Kain and his clients. Because of the first climb he made, Kain Face has been named after him. He has been credited for the first ascent of around 60 such summits.
- Mount Robson is also the most prominent mountain in North America’s Rocky Mountain range.
The first ascent to one of the tallest mountain in BC was glorified by Laurel Adkins, Thomas Distler, George Fisher, and Walter Gove. The fourth tallest mountain in BC, Mount Root’s summit rise at an elevation of 3,928 meters (12,887 feet). It is a part of the Fairweather Range. There was some border issue between Canada and United States which was resolved by a diplomat named Elihu Root. In honor of Mr. Root, the peak was named so.
Mount Waddington is the tallest mountain in BC as it does not surpass any international border. It lies in the lower Pacific Coast region on the Queen Charlotte Strait coast, on Vancouver Island’s north shore. Along with its good neighbor peaks, Mount Waddington forms the Waddington range.
The mountain is revered among mountaineers because of its remoteness and rugged landscapes. The weather is unpredictable and targets the wet winds of British Columbia. Talking about height, it is at an elevation of 4,019 meters (13,186 ft).
Mount Waddington, also known as ‘mystery mountain’ until the 1920s, was even questioned for its existence because it was not explored or submitted by anyone till then. However, it could be seen from Vancouver Island. To find answers to this mystery, Phylis and Don Munday started on an adventure. After facing many difficulties, they could have photographs of the peak to prove that the mountain existed. But they could not reach the main summit and had to return.
In 1936, Fritz Wiessner and Bill House recorded their name in history as the first summiteers of Mount Waddington. Mount Fairweather ranks first in the list of Canada’s most pros.
Many routes are available to approach the mountain, such as Vancouver, Port McNeill, BC Highway 20, Tatla Lake, and many more.
On Dec 4, 1987, the Britten-Norman Islander took off from Bella Coola for Campbell River, but it never reached its destination. Though the wreckage of this accident was not found, the plane crash is believed to happen in Mount Waddington.
Saint Elias Mountains
Situated in the southwest part of Yukon territory, the southeast part of Alaska, and the northwest territories of British Columbia, the Saint Elias Mountainscovers 43000 sq. miles. The mountain range is part of the Pacific Ranges. It is home to many prominent and tallest mountain in BC and Canada(two highest mountains in the US and the five highest mountains in Canada), such as Mount Logan, Mount King (also called kings peak), Mount Lucania, Mount Vancouver (Boundary peak 181), Mount Saint Elias, Mount Root, Mount Slaggard, McArthur peak, Mount Alverstone (Boundary Peak 180), Mount Tiedemann, Mount Hubbard and many more. Fairweather is also said to be a part of it.
The mountainous region of Saint Elias Mountain Ranges encompasses Wrangell-St Elias National Park and Preserve, Kluane National Park and Preserve, and Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, which are lush with vegetation and wilderness and provide loads of opportunities for adventures.
Wrangell- St Elias National Park and Preserve is America’s largest national park and wilderness area in the National Wilderness Preservation System. Adjoining it in Kluane National Park and Preserve lies which possess the world’s largest non-polar icefields. Kaskawulsh Glacier, Donjek Glacier, etc., are present here. The vast majority of the area, i.e., 80%, is covered with mountains with breathtaking landscapes, alpine meadows, and wilderness, adding to its beauty.
Mount Logan is the tallest mountain in Canada and the second tallest mountain in North America. It is 5959 meters (19551 feet) tall and is situated in Kluane National Park in the Saint Elias Mountains. The peak is still growing at a rate of 0.35 mm per year.
In the list of highest mountains in Canada, King Peak ranks fourth and ninth among the highest mountains in North America.
Mount Vancouver has three sub-peaks- north, middle, and south. The South one, also known as Good Neighbor Peak, is 4,785 meters (15,699 ft) high, the north one is higher at 4,812 meters (15,787 ft), and the middle one is the lowest. It is the 15th highest mountain in North America. The southern part of the peak is in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, and the northern part is in Kluane National Park and Preserve.
The third-tallest mountain in Canada and eighth in the US, Mount Lucania is 5,226 meters in height. It was named by the duke of Abruzzi when he saw the peak of Mount Saint Elias.
McArthur peak is the thirteenth highest peak in Canada. It is at an elevation of 4,344 meters (14,252 ft). The peak was named after James Joseph McArthur.
Mount Saint Elias
The sub-peak of Mount Logan and namesake of Saint Elias Mountains, Mount Saint Elias is the second-tallest mountain in Canada and also in the U.S. Lying on the border of Yukon and Alaska, some part is in Kluane National Park and Preserve and other in Wrangell- St Elias National Park and Preserve. The Duke made the first ascent of Abruzzi.
Three thousand eight hundred thirty-eight meters (12,592 ft) high, one of the tallest mountain in BC, Mount Tiedemann is also British Columbia’s one prominent coast mountain. Its parent peak is Mount Waddington.
These are some of the tallest mountain in BC and Canada. These are important in history, geology, geography, and the vegetation they own. For example, the largest population of grizzly bears in North America is found in Kluane National Park, which encompasses several regions of these mountains. It is having world’s largest non-polar icefields. For those who love adventures, these are a place of fascination and awe for them.
Also, check out Rondeau Provincial Park.